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                      Various Legends, and Cosmo-Theologies


Various ancient and early Cosmogonies and

Cosmo-Theologies analyzed. How derived.

Compared with the Biblical Record.


   A scientific analysis of a subject as involved as the origin of the earth and its creatures merits a glimpse at every source of illumination. Considering that any objective has a 360° perimeter, obviously approaches may vary; and if surrounding conditions are variable the problems are multiplied further. Translators and copyists have often added their own interpretations to ancient records, which must be carefully detected, and yet in spite of these we have today a great deal of knowledge concerning ancient thinking. The production of a feasible Cosmogony, from hearsay, by unspiritual pagans was not simple and changed with progress, just as our science has discarded many concepts commonly accepted for long periods. The important distinction between the Author of the Star Gospel, the Pyramid Ideology, and the Bible is that He obviously expected His thinking to be challenged by men of later generations, while those who compiled the pagan cosmogonies did not. The main problem associated with spiritual illumination concerning the work of EL ELOHE ISRAEL is conformity to Divine revelation and thinking and then harmonization with natural fact, not theory. The big fault is oversimplification. In this respect the ancients were no better and no worse than the present generation. Spiritual illumination has always demanded more than just mental effort and blind acceptance; it merits spiritual endowment that commands allegiance. IF YOU ABIDE IN MY WORD then truly you are my Disciples and Ye shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free (John 8:31, 32) elevates such exposition into the highest possible form of teaching, but the “ye” implies self- alignment, receptivity and cooperation for provisional endowment. 

                However, there were many noble and righteous men among the ancients, and we can profitably investigate their writings for the majority of both good and bad contain seed thoughts which flowed from a common origin. Cuneiform clay tablets from 4000 to 3500 B.C. attributable to the first Adamic civilization[1] have been unearthed in the Euphrates valley. The  first mention of “book” in the Bible reads this is the book[2] . . . of the generations of Adam and was probably copied by Noah from Adamic records. Noah, knowing that judgment was soon to fall upon the ungodly antediluvians inscribed a record which revealed that:

1.        From the beginning, YHWH/YAHUWAH had tried to deal with non-conformists by pleading rather than punishment.

2.        He outlines descent of a godly patriarchal line who did maintain a high level of culture, ethics, industry and prosperity amidst human barbarism by followers of Cain.

3.        He gives an appalling picture of the maniacal wickedness which threatened the extinction of all good men because they were hopelessly outnumbered.[3] Outside of the settled city-states a savage form of socialism prevailed without restraint which encouraged thievery, sexual debauchery, murder and slavery; and so the Deluge was sent to preserve the human race for a better civilization. Only eight persons were spared. Afterwards cannibalism, murder, and the drinking of blood were forbidden, and a new form of human government instituted.

                 That the original MALKI TZEDIK  language and alphabetical characters were universally understood up to the time of the Babel dispersion is evident, although there was an Akkadian dialect in northern Sumeria before the flood. Thus, while lapse of memory, variations in colloquial usage and selfish tribal motives may partially account for differences in the ancient cosmogonies, it is obvious that the confusion of tongues seriously affected uniformity in thought, Variations in ancient mythologies also contain so many distortions of partial truths that we must be warned that even tribal religious literature contains much superstition and imaginative material. But even though these pagan peoples added local color and legendary characters it is not too difficult to trace them back to the original through similarity of principals and details. Babel was near Babylon, founded by Nimrod, grandson of Ham, the second son of Noah.

 With the dispersion, Ham’s descendants drifted toward Egypt and Africa.

 Japheth’s group migrated toward what is now Europe.

 Noah himself went east, and Shem elected to stay in the homeland of Sumeria, as predicted.

 It would be Shem, therefore, and his posterity, who would be most apt to have kept the authoritative ancient records which had been preserved.

Shem had five sons, among them Arphaxad,[4] who had a son Sala, who had a son Heber.                                                                           

 Moshe/we gotta go skiing ..... and through him, Heber, the line continues through Peleg, Reu, Serog, Nahor, Terah, and Abraham. The Hebrews derived their name from Heber because they spoke his language (although Abraham is called the father of Isaac, who's the father of Jacob/Israel/Joseph I2 Tribes - because of his Divine call and faith in YHWH/YAHUWAH ).

 Heber was about 47 years old during the dispersion (several hundred years before Abram), which necessitated revision and invention of language characters and forms of expression. There is considerable evidence to show that Heber correlated the letters of the ancient Hebrew alphabet, some of which doubled for numbers, and which was quite similar to the original MALKI TZEDIK , in order to perpetuate the sacred writings and his name was therefore given to those who spoke and used his dialect.[5] The original Hebrew language, like the Semitic, consisted of 16 letters, no vowels, five of which had different forms when used as finals. (Vowels, punctuation marks and additional letters came later.) It was a simplification of the original MALKI TZEDIK , and enabled the Hebrews to read the sacred clay tablets they had inherited from Noah. The civilized groups among the earliest MALKI TZEDIK  were by no means savages. The remains of clay tablet libraries, well-designed civic buildings and temples show that they were fond of literature, song, jewelry and social amenities and were industrious and inventive. Families grouped together in city-states for protection from surrounding bandits and savages, employed four-wheeled battle chariots, the solid phalanx battle formation,[6] and leather helmets, and followed city rulers who combined civic and religious duties. Temples were used as money depositaries, schools, and places of worship, and few idols were found among their remains because they apparently worshipped the Spirit of YHWH/YAHUWAH . Language and writing was soon polysyllabic for early temples held grammatical tablets wherein characters were listed with corresponding phonetic signs in simple syllables. Hieroglyphics probably originated here, which explains their use on monuments in Sinai, the Pyramid, and later in Egypt. They employed irrigated agriculture, servile animals for transportation and work, metal working in copper both cast and formed, tin and bronze, textile weaving, and cosmetics and beautiful gold jewelry for embellishment of the ladies. As Adam’s descendants increased they built city-states at Ur, Erich, Sumer, Eridu, Logosh, Nippor, and Zippur. The British Museum has some 30,000 clay tablets taken from this area which reflect the early MALKI TZEDIK  culture during the first 20 centuries of intellectual men. Tablet shapes varied from flat squares and rectangles to hollow cylinders and prisms. Characters were first placed in vertical columns and read downward from left to right, but later the custom changed and they were read horizontally. We are indebted to Collier’s Encyclopedia for the following chronology of historic periods for this MALKI TZEDIK territory:


MALKI TZEDIK - Akkadian                          4000 to 2000 B.C.
Old Babylonian                                         2000 to 1600 B.C.  
Mitanian-Kassite                                     1600 to 1200 B.C.                  
Middle Babylonian                                   1200 to 748 B.C.
Assyrian                                                    748 to 612 B.C.

Neo-Babylonian (Chaldean)                     612 to 538 B.C.

Persian                                                      538 to 323 B.C.      

Seleucid                                                    323 to 140 B.C.      
Parthian                                                   140 B.C. to 227 A.D.

It[7]also gives a good history of the area under the heading of Mesopotamia.[8]

                That the civilized MALKI TZEDIK  were not only a very literate people but also very religious, is shown by their use of numerous religious symbols and their application of religious principle to everyday life. Their Temples with an outer court, Holy place, and inner Holy of Holies, were indicative of a form of worship similar to that of the Hebrews under Moses. They sang hymns, looked to YHWH/YAHUWAH as their Great Physician in sickness, and protector in trouble, and symbolized the “tree of life” on numerous monuments and artifacts as their eternal hope, based on the coming Redeemer’s sacrifice. Their sacred writings reflect a knowledge of Creation, the Star Gospel, a work similar to the book of Job, the prehistoric proximity of heaven and earth, and many other interesting features[9] invaluable to Theological Science. That YHWH/YAHUWAH singularly blessed their industry is obvious. MALKI TZEDIK  engraving and lapidary work is unsurpassed in the ancient world, They cultivated grain cereals, used a mechanical seeder, carts and chariots with iron and leather tires long before others even had a wheel. They constructed tombs and mortuaries rivaling those of Egypt in a much later day. With the advent of early Babylonian Astrology, a perversion of the Star Gospel, the pure Elohim worship was weakened by adulteration with idol worship but there were families and groups who preserved the Star Gospel right up to the time of Mashiach.[10]

                The high living standards among these early religious people are remarkable. Hammurabi,[11] King of Babylon (around 1900 B.C.), set up a code of laws bearing his name affecting nearly every aspect of human life, but it is now generally conceded that he only collected previous MALKI TZEDIK  principles, revised them and tabulated them in systematic order. We now also know that the beautiful architectural forms used by the later Babylonians originated with the earlier MALKI TZEDIK . MALKI TZEDIK  dairies sold strained milk, business men used intelligent legal forms and money values. Foreign materials indicate extensive trade and commerce, while clay tablets found list a school boy’s work in mathematics, grammar and ethics, with his teacher’s corrections.

                Extensive archeological explorations in this area prove beyond question what the Bible has long attested—that among these earliest of the ancients were wise men of renown, well-versed in the arts and sciences, common law, and social conventions to encourage amicable relations between men. Their knowledge and culture became the pattern for ancient peoples but was not always followed, obeyed, or respected by the ungodly. And when it became obvious after the flood that the leaders would unite all at Babel in rebellion against judgment rather than submit to instruction and correction, the Creator wisely scattered them by confusion and disunity to make each man responsible for his own doings. We should therefore be most grateful to those who did try to preserve their knowledge, literature, history and cultural details for the generations following. Writing was a complicated art, materials were not plentiful, or easily procured, and like education, which is best appreciated by those who have an education, writing was often left to those who felt duty- bound to perpetuate their knowledge. Perhaps this explains why they used clay tablets baked for permanence. There are probably more of these available today than parchment paper, or leather from the first century A.D., and since decipherment of the cuneiform, they are probably more informative in spite of cracks and fragmentation. Therefore from the criteria of chronological time, cultural and ethical standards, accuracy and faithfulness of reproduction, language and writing development, religious customs and preservation of the original tenets and symbols, we must look to the Semites or peoples of central Asia for the best accounts of Creation. It is obvious that they were the most advanced of the ancients before the flood. The post-diluvium cosmogonies derived from later cultures are obviously distortions of the Noahic original which reflect the confusion of the dispersion.[12] The contents of most non-biblical cosmogonies also show the influence of pagan priests, many of whom believed that their imaginations should be accepted as revelations of the gods. Since the YHWHly line of Patriarchs had received many spiritual revelations from YHWH/YAHUWAH and were recognized by the people as leaders, and priests, they were imitated by ungodly leaders and their appointed priests who had no experience with spiritual illumination from Heaven but usurped some of the ideas of the real and supplied imaginative details to suit themselves and the people they ruled for gain-seeking purposes.[13] In addition, pagan priests drew upon family experiences and relations to describe the caprices and activities of the gods whose images they were, and we thus find fathers, mothers, sisters and brothers, and other relatives among the gods, and characters of their cosmogonies. Some are almost duplicates of earlier cosmogonies but with different names to suit national or tribal vanities. We have tried, in the interest of economizing the reader’s time and effort, to include only the best and most logical cosmogonies and to list the interesting and relevant phrases. Including all the material would add very little to our understanding of ancient thinking on Creation. Some peoples or nations had two or more in different areas or different times, but with the exception of the Phoenicians (who had three, all different), for the others we will give but one. We are indebted to Philo[14] for the main Phoenician Cosmogony.[15] He translated it from the works of Sanchioniatho, Phoenician priest-historian who lived about 1250 B.C. The Phoenician religion was based on the worship of heavenly bodies, their god Moloch corresponding to the Babylonian Baal, or Sun-god (accepted as lord of heaven). The first theory, in part, includes, “beginning all was dark and stormy atmosphere in a state of unconsciousness. Then the spirit was moved to the eternal beginnings, and a commingling took place, which intermingling was called desire (Pothos). This desire is the beginning of all things but this did not know the creation of itself and from the commingling of itself and the wind, Moch (Moloch) was produced. (This some say is mud and others a putridity of water mixture.) And from this same Moch (mud) sprang all the seeds of creation, and it is the genesis of the universe.” The account is probably a distortion of the Adamic Cosmogony distantly removed. The authors had heard of the spirit which they likened to wind. They were unaware of the prehistoric creation, the judgment upon it, and the re-creation which took place under the Spirit of YHWH/YAHUWAH (Gen. 1:2) but since evidence of chaos lay all about the first few generations, and since plant seeds sprouted from the ground, they credited the sun-god with the origin of life. It is a mixture of half truths and myths.[16]

                The second theory included, “There arose from the wind (Kolpia) and from his wife Boan (Light), which being interpreted as night, Aeon (the age) and Protoganos (the first born) mortal man so named. Aeon procured his food from the trees,” etc. This account also sounds like a distorted duplication by someone who had heard parts of the Mosaic account or possibly even the earlier Adamic version. The implications of Spirit, light and darkness, men who had become mortal, and the association with trees, all point to the Cosmo-Theology of Adam. Light and darkness are often used to symbolize good and evil.

                The third theory of the Phoenicians, probably the latest, includes in part, “the cosmogony of Byblos concerning Uranos and Cronos. They afterwards called Uranos heaven; so that from him indeed the firmament above us by reason of its surpassing beauty they called Uranos. To him the above mentioned pair was born a sister who was called Ge (earth) and it was because of her beauty they so named her. Their father having ended his life in combat in the open air was honored as a god, to whom his children offered libations and sacrifices. Uranos having taken possession of the government of his father, took to wife his sister Ge, and had by her three children, El, who is also Cronos, Baetyl and Dagon, who is the same with Siton and Atlas. By his other wives Uranos had also a large family. Astarte, the moon, was a daughter of Uranos.”

                There is not much in these to merit serious consideration except as they embody seed thoughts of an original or as a source of ancient mythology. The implication of polygamy hardly qualifies the theory as descriptive of the noble gods, but rather a justification for human lusts. In the original form which Philo translated, the earth was called Adamah (or areth), the first being derived from Adam, and the second merely a different spelling of earth. The unusual worship of the mother of god, which they had undoubtedly derived from the Babylonians[17] was specially celebrated in the shrine of Opheka, at Byblos, near the river Adamis. When the Egyptians subjugated part of this eastern Mediterranean area (1680-1560 B.C.), they absorbed this idea and carried it back to Egypt from where it was probably conveyed to Rome. Most Phoenicians looked upon the stars and planets as members of a family whom they judged by their own family relations, including polygamy and marriage between kin. 

                The early Scandinavian Cosmogony[18]  includes, “the giant Ymer represents the chaotic state of the earth, produced by the combined effects of heat and cold upon water, which according to the mythical creed of most nations was the first existing matter.” This, a later but most unique cosmogony, also deals with the re-creation but includes volcanic action, the ice ages, and terrible water turbulence which accompanied the catastrophe, or judgment upon the prehistoric earth. This antedated the creation of Adam by hundreds of years but certainly followed the original creation by billions, during the long geological eras. There is truth in the account since the author admits that most creation legends were based on myths. But the author sounds like one who had heard the Adamic version and over many years had forgotten the details.

                The ancient Chinese Cosmogony begins with Fohi who reportedly ruled in 2950 B.C. but since there is little definite evidence of antediluvian habitation in this area, the date might be questioned. Some students of Chinese history believe this to be Noah who migrated in this direction after the Dispersion (2234 B.C.). Others believe that Cain fathered the yellow races but this also is doubtful. The early ancestor worship and Taoism of the Chinese ancients included a supreme being but little explanation of his creative acts. The creation of earth was followed by the rule of three emperors, one of heaven, one of earth, and one of men. Confucius, (550 B.C.) makes no mention of a Divine Creator. Buddhism and Shintoism (Japan) did not develop until later and add little to creation knowledge.

                The Indian or Hindi cosmogony includes an ever existent divine being who expresses and reveals himself in nature and all living things. Brahma, the first creation of this eternal being, is credited with making the other living forms. Polytheism was not original with them, but transmigration of souls seems to have originated here. This Indian ideology is neither new, unique, nor very ancient, in its concept of a supreme being from eternity, who created Brahma (creator and lord), Vishnu (the preserver) and Siva (the destroyer), in three capacities.[19] It seems likely that the original, of which the above features represent partial and distorted versions, was carried here by an early migration after the Deluge. Brahmanism is based on the Vedas, or Vidas, sacred writings of Manu, the earliest form of Indian religion. Somewhere between the 10th and 6th century B.C., Buddhism arose as a refinement of Brahamism. It retained many of the original ideas but laid more emphasis upon self-denial as an evidence of moral virtue. Neither add much to the knowledge of Creator, or methods.

 The VATICAN / Egyptian cosmogony combines worship of the heavenly bodies, natural phenomena, and creature forms. Ptah was the creator, Neph the spirit of creation, Ammon the king of the gods, and Osiris/Dollar Bill and Isis/T/Errorism represented the male and female powers of nature.

 Evil was personified by Typhom, (similar to the Persian Ahriman). The most celebrated animal was the bull, Apis, symbol of Osiris, EXODUS 32; fertilizing power of nature.

 They believed in transmigration of the soul into animals, which after a series or sequence of such would return to the human body. The early Egyptians recognized seven MASTERS principal gods, and many lesser deities, some of which resemble the gods of the Babylonians and Phoenicians.

 Thus, mummification became desirable and a real art. Ancient Egyptian records include 15 dynasties of gods, 8 dynasties of demi-gods,[20] 15 dynasties of Sethians,[21] which were followed by 30 later dynasties of their own kings. Whether such ideas were the results of fertile imaginations, or applied to prehistoric earth is difficult to determine. There is considerable evidence of some ancient beliefs in a prehistoric rule of earth by inner dimensional Fallen Angels. Most pagan cosmogonies began creation with the Catastrophe, but the ancient Egyptian reflects ancient MALKI TZEDIK influence and knowledge of a prehistoric earth which ended in chaos.[22] That the earth is billions of years in age, and that prehistoric men did exist, we have no doubt; but we have yet to find any evidence contradictory to the Bible teaching that Adam was the first MALKI TZEDIK “living soul” man with language, inventive ability, and scientific knowledge, and that he was created around 4I70 B.C. Geological evidence, human remains reflecting the revolution between paleolithic and neolithic cultures,[23] and the best of ancient records all support this concept.

                The early Greek cosmogony was in many respects similar to the Egyptian, in the worship of the powers of nature, heavenly bodies, and mythical heroes and heroines at which they were adept. Principal god was Zeus, a male divinity, whose wife Dionne was the mother of Aphrodite, goddess of love and fertility. Greek mythology was apparently an effort to recognize all the forces of nature which contribute so much to the health, wealth, and happiness of humans. Later, as Greek knowledge and influence increased, they expanded their cosmogony to become one of the most glamorous and mythical of all, but of very little value to Theological Science.[24] Uranos, the god of gods, with his sons and grandsons created the heavens and the earth, and mortal men of which they were worthy representatives. But Thales, Empedocles, Plato, and others challenged these mythical concepts in due time, and as one of them said, the heavens, earth and creatures were created “not from any action of mind or any god . . . but by the action of chance,” an evolutionary hypothesis foreign to the present laws of genetics. The early Greeks were hero worshippers, often raising local persons to the rank of national deities.[25] They made beautiful statues of their chief gods and goddesses and encouraged the people to pay proper homage to them. The golden age of Greece has thus added much for the philosopher to ponder over, but contributed little of value to Theological Science.

                The Iranian Cosmogony, which includes ideas from the Medes and Persians, is a most interesting one since it originated near the cradle of civilization; for Iran is adjacent to Iraq, or Sumeria of old (the Biblical Shinar) which included Eden after the Garden of Eden. This cosmogony classifies all existence into two moral forms, good and evil. Sevane Akrene, that is uncreated time, created Ormuzd representing Good, and Ahriman as being Evil. They in turn created all things, worlds, and creatures. Ormuzd dwelt in life and light, but Ahriman in darkness and death, and the two were in constant warfare with one another. Some very ancient Iranian writings, deciphered in the 18th century, are in close agreement with the Biblical account although perhaps compiled before the Mosaic Pentateuc. (This may not be true. Others credit them to Zoroaster who lived many centuries later, 600 B.C.). According to these ancient writings, man became a mortal through the sin of his first parents, and because of their disobedience found himself in the center of the battle between Ormuzd and Ahriman. Possessing the power of choice but weak in comparison to Ormuzd and Ahriman and their agents, man must constantly follow Ormuzd, light and good, or fall into the hands of Ahriman.

                Considered as non-Biblical ideology it is amazingly similar to the Genesis account. It is also in agreement with the knowledge of the earliest astronomers who could interpret the Star Gospel in the signs and constellations. And although not inspired, it adds verification to Biblical cosmogony by similarity among neighboring peoples. These must have had good cause for perpetuating this unpopular and humiliating account, especially among pagans who often worshipped men as gods. The Bible stands on a solid factual basis with its data, and peculiar construction by a Divine hand, as well as in its employment of the original Hebrew and Greek languages and numerics.[26] But since these ancient writings are probably much earlier, the ancestors of the Iranians must have had access to the Star Gospel, and their hope of the promised Redeemer sponsored the continued interest in this Cosmo-theology.

                The Babylonian cosmogonies, including the later Chaldean, are somewhat beclouded by the injection of astrology and divination or star readings for foretelling non-religious events. The Chaldeans particularly drew from the Zodiacal signs spurious meanings foretelling events and personal fortunes perverting the original purpose of the signs and their celestial significance. The sun and moon were regarded as principal deities, with the stars and planets next in line. Baal, Bel, or Beleus, was supposed to have founded Babylon[27] as a center of glory and wealth, and the moon goddess called Mylitta was the patron of productive nature. The worship of these two as male and female gods with the stars as their offspring sponsored a degrading influence among worshipper who looked upon them as possessing sexual passions and since they so carried on their intimate relations, the people felt license to do likewise. Their temples became houses of prostitution, and the true worshippers of Elohim were later wisely forbidden to associate with them. The later Phoenician worship of Moloch and Ashtoreth was similar in many ways and was probably derived from the Babylonian. The metal statues of Baal and Moloch were hollow with the provision for burning fuel within to bring them to an intense heat. When red hot, human sacrifices, usually helpless infants, were thrown into the arms or bosoms of the statue and cremated or roasted to death in agony. This practice was forbidden after the Persian domination through Hebrew influence but it is a fact that the Babylonians, Phoenicians, Carthagians, Arameans, Syrians, and even the Israelites when backslidden from Elohim, thus sacrificed their infants hoping to avert famine or misfortune. This custom along with the temple debauchery was so distasteful to the Creator that the ground areas as well as the peoples were cursed with non-productivity and ruin. Although the Star Gospel prevailed among certain families in the land of Sheba, Abram was early encouraged to leave Babylonia for Canaan land, and his descendants found their way to Egypt to the vicinity of the Pyramid, where they grew in numbers and flourished until the Exodus. Thus while tradition indicates that Abraham had durable records taken from Babylonia when he left, the quality of Babylonian cosmogonies so close to the site of Eden is disappointing. Perhaps the best records were reduced to rubble or have never been found.

                There are, however, two other Babylonian creation accounts worth mentioning. The first a product of Babylonian priests, consisting of six or seven tablets in fragments of some129 or 160 lines each,[28] deals primarily with Tiamat[29] the mother of Creation and her husband Apsu who produced the other gods of heaven and earth. Tiamat was also the dragon of Chaos, and when her husband was killed in a battle with Ea, she became so disturbed that she created general chaos only to be defeated by Marduk (Merodach). The account attempts to supply a mythical explanation for the state of chaos which confronted the first few generations of Adamic peoples and is difficult to date (probably 2200 to 2000 B.C.). It outlines the re-creation after the Catastrophe, not the original creation. The characters are mythical and their activities imaginary.

                The Gilgamesh Epic, long attributed to Assurbanipal[30] because parts thereof were found in his libraries, undoubtedly originated in Babylonia, since fragments in the older Babylonian script have been found in the ruins there. Gilgamesh may have been a popular hero[31] whose exploits so endeared him to his subjects that they worshipped him as a god. The epic is a mystical story involving two central characters and their origins, earthly life, and abode of the dead, but adds little to creation facts.

                The oldest of the non-Biblical pagan cosmogonies is the ancient Sumerian-Akkadaian which must be pieced together from fragmentary and primitive sources. From contact with those who faithfully worshipped the invisible Spirit of YHWH/YAHUWAH , others soon developed a naturism or fetish-worship in which creatures, natural phenomena, and even inanimate objects possessed or were possessed by spirits. It was a form of Shamaism similar to that still practiced by primitives[32] who follow witch-doctors, medicine-men, and mediums with supposedly supernatural powers. With the advance of City-States, each settlement developed its own patron god and lesser deities;[33] as lords of the air, of the seasons, of the winds, of the seas and lands, but most pagans seem to have worshipped the sun-god who produced the crops, provided warmth, and established the seasons. But that there were many followers of the Star Gospel, even as late as 2000 B.C. is shown by the sacred clay tablets and numerous Temples which were similar to the later Tabernacle of Moses in the wilderness, and whose religious ceremonies appear to have resembled those of the Hebrews. The Holy Place, the Altar, the morning and evening sacrifice, the meat and drink offerings, the sin offering, and the shew-bread all were part of the early MALKI TZEDIK  Temple ritual. The remains of what once must have been a most beautiful Temple of this order have been found among the ruins of east Babylon but we cannot be sure of its allegiance in later times.

                The ancient Adamic-Noahic-Hebrew Cosmogony will be dealt with in a later chapter with excerpts from modern theories on the subject of Cosmogony.[34] No doubt Aristotle, Plato, Newton, LaPlace, Rutherford, and Einstein, and many others, have given the subject consideration, but the majority of such men have been specialists in other fields of thought and interested primarily in the application of natural laws. The ancients as a whole were more conscious of the spiritual order than the generations of the 19th and 20th centuries, (excepting the  Messianic  brotherhood), since the spread of Darwinism, but the problem with the ancient writings is that they include so much mysticism, mythology and superstitions widely separated from fact. A truthful Cosmogony must be in harmony with the Bible and natural features.

                From the facts available we can only conclude that from earliest times there have been Messianic family descendants who would compare with the wisest men today. Noah’s Deluge and subsequent developments have obliterated most of their records perhaps, but some were preserved, carried forward as new vehicles became available, copied and recopied, and the old discarded. The ancients favored the new; moderns are interested in both old and new. All point to the ancient Hebrew Cosmogony which is the most detailed of all as it is briefly outlined in Genesis, obviously an original, Divinely preserved.[35]

                We must remember that the earliest Godly families lived in constant danger from other crude and barbaric types, the contrast between them being as great as that between a modern American home and the grass hut of an Australian aborigine or South American Auca Indian. Throughout the whole of human history, crude primitives have existed contemporarily with civilized groups and where the former were in the majority they had a deleterious effect on progress, culture, and records.[36] Our research has sponsored many questions and perplexities but also much unforeseen knowledge including the influence of YHWH/YAHUWAH 's-given gift of ambition and zeal among the ancients who were YHWH/YAHUWAH -fearing, but less noticeable among the pagans, many of whom were satisfied to eke out an existence. It may be odd but it is an amazing fact that the highest community standards of living, learning, culture, art, honor and reliability belong to the people who were cooperative with YHWH/YAHUWAH , the author of spiritual and natural law. History has repeated itself to all generations proving that durable happiness is predicated upon conformity to Divine principle, which breeds high cultural standards.

                And so when all data on Creation is sifted and sorted for accuracy and reliability we must credit the Hebrew ancestors outlined in the Bible as possessing the most feasible and plausible accounts as well as records which combine the best available in early education, language forms, and accurate knowledge.[37] These men possessed the highest of humanitarian motives, many of whom sacrificed themselves on the altar of service not for pecuniary, political, military, or individual profit, but to lift man closer to YHWH/YAHUWAH and His blessings. They had the best of equipment, encouraged the schooling of their children, and kept some birth records so accurately that family descent from Adam to Christ/Mashiach is recorded in the book of Luke. Based on resourcefulness alone, we are compelled to recognize their accounts as the most reliable source of information on Creation. They were obviously assisted by Divine Will operating through spiritually minded men who recorded prophecies, predictions, computations, scientific details on the character of inorganic and organic matter, and other matters they could not have understood, but which was included in an overall Divine Revelation to contemporary as well as future generations. The Bible with its 66 books, summarized in the book of Isaiah with its 66 chapters written about midway between the origin of the Pentateuch and the book of Revelation, has not a single original manuscript to verify its authenticity; and yet when the Dead Sea Scrolls, written over 2000[38] years ago were unearthed, a copy of Isaiah was found among them practically identical to our present version. 

                The supreme tragedy of forty centuries of human effort from Adam to Jesus/Malki Tzedik Yahusha HaMashiach  is pictured in the comparison between the tremendous investment of the Creator in attempting to elevate men to exalted position and fellowship with the Divine without contaminating Himself, and the pitiful result in numbers percentage wise of those who will reach the goal. It brings to mind the words of Malki Tzedik Yahusha HaMashiach, strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it (Mt. 7:14). The convincing testimony of secular facts without even considering their spiritual significance is that the Creator has rewarded far beyond merit, the individuals, families and peoples, who were faithful to Him in preserving and spreading the Gospel, with aesthetic arts, with technical knowledge, and with material prosperity. The music, the arts, the literature, the paintings, the inventions, the sciences, the revelations of Theology, and other contributions of these YHWH/YAHUWAH -inspired minds have been the most sublime that have originated on the earth.


[1] Thomas Hobbes, an English scholar who had thoroughly investigated the matter, stated “The first author of speech was YHWH/YAHUWAH Himself, that instructed Adam.”

[2] Gen. 6:4. The use of the word ciphrah denotes an inscribed writing. Cuneiform in Hebrew means conveyance.

[3] Traditions indicate that Noah himself, while building the Ark, had to flee for his life on several occasions. Although he warned of cooling judgment, they thought him demented and made sport of him. But YHWH/YAHUWAH spared his life to complete a vessel larger than any Columbus used, to house the creatures which repopulated the earth after the flood. His books and family records he reportedly buried at Zippur and dug them up again after the flood.

[4] He fathered the Chaldeans; Elam the Elamites; Ashur the Assyrians; Ara the Aramites (and possibly the Syrians and Greeks); and Laud the Lydians.

[5] However, Heber’s contribution to the Hebrew language must in the absence of factual data remain speculative in spite of circumstantial evidence. Perhaps he only assisted the changeover from MALKI TZEDIK , for the Hebrew characters resembled the original MALKI TZEDIK  markedly. Many ancient Hebrew idioms were derived from the previous MALKI TZEDIK , but it is not easy to determine the origin of the ancient alphabets. Families and tribes often took the name of a relative or one who distinguished himself. Ancient writers often used picture writing (like Chinese) and also sound or phonetic. Phonetics represent voice sounds in one or more stages. First, a picture, a whole word, second, symbols denote syllables, and third, symbols represent elementary sounds.

[6] Used so successfully by Alexander hundreds of years later.

[7] Collier’s Encyclopedia, The Collier Press, New York.

[8] For additional reading of this interesting early civilization we would suggest the writings of Samuel Noah Kramer, Leonard Woolley, and others found in any good library. Good examples of cuneiform writing may be seen in museums at The University of Pennsylvania, The Oriental Institute of Chicago, and the Babylonian collection at Yale University. Perhaps the reader might like to obtain a Hebrew alphabet and compare the characters.

[9] It seems obvious that there were spiritually-minded men in this early day who were comparable to Daniel, as shown by the Bible Book under his name, and their mention in Genesis Ch. 5, although Biblical details are lacking.

[10] Berosus, the Babylonian historian, refers to Noah in his writings. “Kronos (god) revealed to Xisutrus (Noah) that on the 15th day of the month Darsias the flood would commence . . . that he must proceed to bury all the books in Sippara . . . and after the flood . . . He commanded them to return to Babylon and dig up those books . . . and deliver them to men.’’

[11] Probably the Amrapheal of Gen. 14:1.

[12] With the exception of the Hebrew which was Divinely inspired, and preserved under penalty of death.

[13] Thus practically all Mythologies and Religious Ideologies contain some seed thoughts of the original Adamic Cosmo-Theology.

[14] Greek Historian who translated some of the Phoenician writings.

[15] Cosmogony—meaning the origin of the cosmos or Universe.

[16] Most non-Biblical Cosmogonies include a Supreme Being, father of gods; an enemy of God, who is evil; and a friend of God, who is good. Some also include the offense of man, and provisions for his redemption, but since they could not visualize YHWH/YAHUWAH who is a Spirit they made him into a form, star, planet, or idol they could see.

[17] Seramis, wire of Nimrod, founder of Babylon, knew of the Messianic promises to Eve, and when she gave birth to a son, Thammus, she had him deified as the long awaited Messiah. However, since she brought him into the world she insisted that her subjects worship her as well as her son. This is how the worship of Thammus, (Tammuz) began.

[18] Since it is very difficult to determine the exact age or source of the ancient Cosmogonies, we are not listing them in any chronological order.

[19] Elohim, The YHWH/YAHUWAH of Adam, was known as a Trinity with many capacities. Heathen deities with many faces, arms, and legs, copied this idea of gods with many abilities as shown by the many faces and limbs.

[20] These are similar to ancient Babylonian concepts of earth rule by gods for some 1,432,000 years before the coming of man.

[21] Probably the builders or the Great Pyramid.

[22] Odd as it may seem, the popular misconception that the Bible teaches the origin of earth about 4000 B.C. is very much in error. This idea resulted from pagan and not Biblical, or Adamic concepts, both of which teach a prehistoric earth which perished in Judgment, 2nd Peter 3:5,6.

[23] A later chapter will compare prehistoric and historic cultures, artifacts, etc.

[24] Theological Science—the knowledge of YHWH/YAHUWAH ’s works in the spiritual and physical world.

[25] The reliability of data reflecting ancient thinking can sometimes be seriously questioned. Records copied and recopied could easily be altered by popular fancy. Priestly orders had flexible standards arid were often influenced by punitive and political considerations, among all but the ancient Hebrew ancestors. For example, some philologists attribute the invention of the Phoenician alphabet to a man by the name of Taut, who reportedly produced 15 or 16 characters each representing a god, or position of a god. Later Isiris, another Phoenician, added still more. But the priests gave credit for their invention to the gods themselves and elevated Taut to a position equal with the gods and named the letter T after him. The true worshippers of Elohim had no such allusions concerning sinful man, but recognized that true knowledge came from YHWH/YAHUWAH who could use man, and that all honor should accrue to Him. According to ancient pagan practice however, such inventors as Watts, Potion, Edison, Pasteur, Curie, Bell, Marconi, Einstein end others could have become gods and issued their own peculiar cosmogonies if they so desired. From such beginnings sprang ideas which influenced many writings, but which from a scientific viewpoint add little for serious consideration.

[26] With the exception of a few portions written possibly in ancient Chaldean or Aramean, the Bible Author utilized the Hebrew and Greek languages as vehicles for the conveyance of its truths. Both of these are singular in that alphabetical characters double for numbers as well as letters. Thus each word and sentence as well as names and places possesses numerical value. The entire work presents an amazing numerical pattern in the original texts closely related to 3s and 7s, which represent the creator’s trademark, and multiples thereof. For example, the numerical value of the word Jesus (Gr) is 888, 8 being the number denoting Resurrection and new life. The numerical value of Satan is 666, 6 being the number of man, and 666 that of the anti- Mashiach. Rev. 13:8.

[27] Founded by Nimrod,

[28] Now held in the British Museum, London. For a good description of these tablets see Encyclopedia Britannica, listed under creation, Epic of.

[29] Tiamat, or Chaos.

[30] Ruler of Ninevah, 628-626 B.C.

[31] Reportedly an early king of Erech.

[32] South American Indians, African tribes, and others.

[33] Henotheism—belief in one god not excluding lesser deities.

[34] For an excellent resume of contemporary beliefs we would suggest The World’s Great Religions, Life Magazine, Rockefeller Center, New York.

[35] The fact that Moses was required to replace the stone tablets listing the commandments (Ex. 34:1) which had been given him, but which he had dropped and broken, shows that YHWH/YAHUWAH was interested in preserving His testimony (Ex. 32:18) for coming generations.

[36] For some interesting reading on primitive man, we would suggest some of the writings of Dr. Carlton S. Coon, University of Pennsylvania.
The mention of “book” in Gen. 5:1; the historic evidence of the burial and recovery of sacred records by Noah; the possession of sacred records by the Israelites, and later instructions to Moses, all indicate that YHWH/YAHUWAH Himself prompted the formation and preservation of durable records.

[37] The sacred tablets were inviolate. Any change or damage carried the death penalty.

[38] Reportedly produced by Essences Copyists about 200 B.C. in their Monastery near Qummrum (Qumran).



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