The Festival of First Fruits
fifteenth of Nisan begins Hag HaMatzah (the Feast of Unleavened Bread), which is
a high sabbath, a shabbaton. It is a seven day feast to the YHWH. The day
following the sabbath during Passover is called the Feast of First Fruits (Leviticus [Vayikra]
Feast of First Fruits can be found in Leviticus (Vayikra) 23:9-14, as it is
YHWH spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak
to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When you enter the land which I am going to give
to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the firstfruits of your
harvest to the priest. And he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord for you to be accepted;
on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. Now on the day when you wave the
sheaf you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect for a burnt offering to the
Lord. Its grain offering shall then be two tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil
an offering by fire to the Lord for a soothing aroma, with its libation, a fourth of a hin
of wine. Until this same day, until you have brought in the offering of your God, you
shall eat neither bread nor roasted grain nor new growth. It is to be a perpetual statute
throughout your generations in all your dwelling places' " (Leviticus [Vayikra]
observance was carried out in this manner, when the standing ripe harvest of barley and
wheat was ready to be reaped. The celebrant would take one sheaf from the standing harvest
and bring it to the priest. The lone sheaf was called "the sheaf of the first
fruits." The priest was then to take this one sheaf and wave it before the
His house. This was to be done "the day after the sabbath." Prescribed offerings
were also to be presented along with the sheaf.
The Sheaf of First
Fruits in the Bible
commanded the people to bring a sheaf of the harvest (Leviticus [Vayikra] 23:10).
The Hebrew word for "sheaf" is omer. An omer is defined as
"a measure of dry things, containing a tenth part of an ephah." The definition
of an omer being a tenth part of an ephah is found in Exodus (Shemot)
16:36. An ephah contains 10 omers of grain. Remember, three times a year
commanded the people to come to Jerusalem (Yerushalayim) to celebrate the
festivals of Passover (Pesach), Pentecost (Shavuot), and Tabernacles (Sukkot).
All three of these festivals are agricultural harvest festivals. Passover (Pesach)
is the barley harvest. Pentecost (Shavuot) is the wheat harvest. Both of these
festivals are first fruits harvests before the final harvest that was to come at the end
of the year during the festival of Tabernacles (Sukkot), which is the fruit
harvest represents all who would put their faith, trust, and confidence (emunah)
in the Messiah Malki Tzedik Yahusha (Matthew [Mattityahu] 13:39; Mark 4:26-29; Luke
10:1-12; Revelation 14:14-16). So, the sheaf is the first of the first fruits. Since a
sheaf in the Bible is used to typify a person or persons (Genesis [Bereishit]
37:5-11), a sheaf spiritually represents people who accept the Messiah into their hearts.
nation of Israel was familiar with the concept of first fruits or the firstborn. The first
fruits were always the choicest, the foremost, the first, the best, the preeminent of all
that was to follow. They were holy to the YHWH. The concept of first fruits or firstborn
is a major theme in the Bible. This can be seen by the following Scriptures: Exodus (Shemot)
23:16,19: 34:26; Leviticus (Vayikra) 2:12,14; 23:20; Numbers (Bamidbar)
18:12-15,26; Deuteronomy (Devarim) 18:1-5; 26:2-4,10; 2 Chronicles 31:5; Nehemiah
10:35-39; Proverbs (Mishlai) 3:9; Jeremiah (Yermiyahu) 2:3; Ezekiel (Yechezekel)
44:30; 48:14; Malachi 3:8-14; Hebrews 6:20; 7:1-8.
on the earth, both man and beast, was to be presented before the YHWH as first fruits to
- The firstborn of both man and beast
were sanctified (made holy) and presented to the YHWH (Exodus [Shemot] 13:2;
first fruits of all the earth were presented to YHWH at His altar in praise and thanksgiving (Deuteronomy [Devarim]
The Seventeenth of
Nisan -- Resurrection and Salvation
The theme of the festival of
First Fruits is resurrection and salvation. There are several important
events that happened on this day in the Bible.
- Noah's (Noach) ark rests
on Mount Ararat (Genesis 8:4).
- Israel crosses the Red Sea (Exodus
[Shemot] 3:18; 5:3; 14).
- Israel eats the first fruits of the
Promised Land (Joshua 5:10-12). The manna that YHWH gave from Heaven during the days in the
wilderness ceased the sixteenth day of Nisan after the people ate of the old corn of the
land. The day following was the seventeenth of Nisan, the day when the children of Israel
ate the first fruits of the Promised Land.
- Haman is defeated (Esther 3:1-6).
In the Book of Esther, Haman plotted to kill all the Jews in Persia and Media. Haman had
ten sons (Esther 9:12). By this, we can see that Haman is a type of the false Messiah
(antichrist). A decree was sent out on the thirteenth of Nisan that all the Jews would be
killed (Esther 3:12). Upon hearing this news, Esther proclaims a three-day fast, which
would be Nisan 14-16 (Esther 4:16). On the sixteenth of Nisan, Esther risked her life when
she came to King Ahasuerus. The king asked her, in effect, "Tell me, what do you
want?" Esther said, "If it please the king, may the king and Haman come this day
to the banquet that I have prepared for him" (Esther 5:4 NAS). This was the sixteenth
day of Nisan. At the banquet, the king again asked Esther what she wanted, and she asked
the king to come to another banquet to be held the next day, the seventeenth of Nisan. On
this day, Haman (a type of the false Messiah or antichrist, as well as of satan [Ha
satan]) is hanged.
- The resurrection of Malki Tzedik Yahusha,
the Messiah (John 12:24; 1 Corinthians 15:16-20). Malki Tzedik Yahusha celebrated the festival
of First Fruits by offering Himself as the first fruits to all future generations (Matthew
Malki Tzedik Yahusha Is
the First Fruits of the Barley Harvest
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the firstborn of
Miryam (Mary) (Matthew 1:23-25).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the
first-begotten of YHWH the Father (Hebrews 1:6).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the firstborn of
every creature (Colossians 1:15).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the
first-begotten from the dead (Revelation 1:5).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the firstborn of
many brethren (Romans 8:29).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the first fruits
of the resurrected ones (1 Corinthians 15:20,23).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the beginning of
the creation of YHWH (Revelation 3:14).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the preeminent
One (Colossians 1:18).
Malki Tzedik Yahusha
is indeed the Most Holy One of YHWH and is sanctified by the Father. Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the
first, the choicest, the preeminent One. He is both the firstborn of YHWH and the first
fruits unto YHWH. Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the sheaf of the first fruits.
First Fruits Is
of the Resurrection of the Messiah
festival of the sheaf of the first fruits is prophetic of the resurrection of Malki Tzedik Yahusha.
Malki Tzedik Yahusha prophesied that He would rise three days and nights after He was slain on
the tree (Matthew [Mattityahu 12:38-40; 16:21; Luke 24:44-46). This was
foreshadowed to happen in the Tanach (Old Testament) by type and shadow (Genesis
[Bereishit] 22:1-6; Exodus [Shemot] 3:18; 5:3; 8:27; Esther 4:15-17;
Jonah 1:7; 2:1-2).
Since Malki Tzedik Yahusha was slain on the tree on the day of Passover (Pesach), the
fourteenth of Nisan, and He arose from the grave three days and nights after He was slain,
Malki Tzedik Yahusha arose from the grave on the seventeenth of Nisan, the day of the festival
of First Fruits. This day would be the day after the weekly sabbath during the week of
Passover (Mark 16:1-6). In fact, Malki Tzedik Yahusha is called the first fruits of those who
rise from the dead.
now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. For
since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam
all die, so also in Christ all shall be made alive. But each in his own order: Christ the
firstfruits, after that those who are Christs' at His coming (1 Corinthians 15:20-23
was prophesied that Malki Tzedik Yahusha, the Messiah, would be buried in the tomb of the rich
(Isaiah [Yeshayahu] 53:9; Matthew [Mattityahu] 27:57; Luke 23:51). Why
was Malki Tzedik Yahusha placed in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea? Arimathea was another name
for Ramah, where Samuel dwelt. It is five miles north of Jerusalem (Yerushalayim).
In fact, this place is still called Ramah today. In ancient times, it was customary for
Jews to be buried in Jerusalem (Yerushalayim). In fact, this practice is still
done today because it is a traditional belief in Judaism that the resurrection of the dead
will take place in Jerusalem (Yerushalayim) first.
the Book of Genesis (Bereishit), Joseph (Yosef) the son of Jacob (Ya'akov),
made the children of Israel take a vow that when they went to the Promised Land, they
would carry his bones with them (Genesis [Bereishit] 50:24-26). Ramah was a term
that represented idolatry. Two countries were called the seat of idolatry in the ancient
world: Babylon and Egypt. Joseph (Yosef), the son of Jacob (Ya'akov),
was also known as Joseph of Ramah. Moses (Moshe) took the bones of Joseph (Yosef)
with him when he and the children of Israel journeyed to Succoth (Exodus [Shemot]
13:19-20). Therefore, Joseph's (Yosef) tomb in Egypt was empty. The empty tomb of
Joseph (Yosef) of Arimathea (Ramah), which stood for wickedness, was a
fulfillment of Isaiah (Yeshayahu) 53:9.
(Yosef) was a type of the role of Malki Tzedik Yahusha during His first coming when He
came to fulfill the role of the suffering Messiah known as Messiah ben Joseph.
The bones of Joseph (Yosef) were carried to Succoth. Succoth is a type of the
Messianic age also known as the Millennium. This is also a picture of Malki Tzedik Yahusha
being both Messiah ben Joseph and Messiah ben David -- as Malki Tzedik Yahusha
who suffered during His first coming to earth will be King during His second coming to
Understanding of First Fruits
Application (Halacha). A sheaf in the Bible is used to typify a person or persons
(Genesis [Bereishit] 37:5-11). Malki Tzedik Yahusha will return to earth (Zechariah
14:4) during His second coming as King over all the earth. He also will bring the
sheaves (the believers in Malki Tzedik Yahusha as the Messiah) with Him (Psalm (Tehillim)
126; Jeremiah (Yermiyahu) 31:9-14; Joel 3:11-13; Zechariah 14:3-5; Matthew [Mattityahu]
13:37-39; Mark 4:26-29; Hebrews 12:1; Jude 14; Revelation 1:7).
144,000 Jewish witnesses who witness of Malki Tzedik Yahusha during the Chevlai shel
Mashiach, the birthpangs of the Messiah (also known as the tribulation) are first
fruits to YHWH during the tribulation (Revelation 14:1-4).
look at some Scriptures in the Bible concerning first fruits.
- The natural is before the spiritual
(1 Corinthians 15:46).
was YHWH's firstborn (Exodus
[Shemot] 4:22). But, the first will be last and the last will be first (Mark
10:31). Therefore, the Gentiles (the goyim) became the first to receive the
Messiah (as a corporate people; there are many non-Jews who do not) (Isaiah [Yeshayahu]
60:1-3; 62:1-3; Acts 15:14-16). At the end of this present age, the Jews as a corporate
people will accept Malki Tzedik Yahusha as Messiah as well.
- The gospel (basar) was
preached to the Jew first and then to the non-Jews (Romans 1:16; 2:9-10; Matthew [Mattityahu]
10:5-6; 15:21-28; Acts 1:8).
- We are called to seek first the
Kingdom of YHWH (Matthew [Mattityahu] 6:33).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha was alive the first
day of the week (Mark 16:1-6).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha was the first to
rise from the dead (Acts 26:23).
- The early believers were a kind of
first fruits (James [Ya'akov] 1:17-18).
- Those who arose from the dead with Malki Tzedik Yahusha
during His resurrection became the first fruits of all those who would rise from the dead
(Matthew [Mattityahu] 27:52-53; Ephesians 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha first loved us, and
He is to be our first love (1 John [Yochanan] 4:9; Revelation 2:4
Genesis I2 Genesis I5).
- Malki Tzedik Yahusha is the first (Aleph)
and the last (Tav) (Revelation 1:8,11,17; 22:13; Isaiah [Yeshayahu]
41:4; 44:6; 48:12)