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THE APPOINTED FEASTS
UNDERSTANDING THE FEASTS

      The festivals of YHWH ELOHIM Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA are found in Leviticus (Vayikra) 23 & were given to us by YHWH so His people could understand the coming of the Messiah (Mashiach) and the role that the Messiah (Mashiach) would play in redeeming and restoring both man and the earth back to YHWH following the fall of man in the Garden of Eden (Gan Eden). Although most non-Judaic Bible believers have heard of the feasts, the deep meaning and the importance of these feasts are almost universally not understood.

      The apostle Paul (Rav Sha'ul) wrote to the Gentile believers, THAT'S US NOW in Colossae that the feasts of YHWH, the new moon, and the Sabbath (shabbat) days were a shadow of things to come to teach us about the Messiah (Mashiach) (Colossians 2:16-17). Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA (the Hebrew name for Jesus, which means "salvation") was the substance or fulfillment of the greater plan that YHWH revealed and foreshadowed in these seven important festivals. To all the readers who are familiar with the festivals, you will be fascinated to discover that the first four feasts or festivals, which are Passover (Pesach), Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah), First Fruits (Bikkurim), and Pentecost (Shavuot), primarily teach about the significant events in the first coming of the Messiah (Mashiach) and why these events were an important part of YHWH's redemption of man. In addition, you will discover that the last three feasts, which are the Feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah; also known as Rosh HaShanah), the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), and the Feast of Booths or Tabernacles (Sukkot), give fascinating insight concerning important events that surround the second coming of the Messiah (Mashiach).

WHY STUDY THE FEASTS?

      Many non-Judaic Bible believers wonder why they should study and observe the feasts. I believe there are two good reasons. First, although all Bible believers love YHWH with all their heart and seek to serve Him daily, most Bible believers do not have an in-depth understanding of the Bible and do not understand the deep depth of the personal relationship that YHWH desires us to have with Him. Most Bible believers understand their personal relationship with YHWH the same way I viewed my personal relationship with YHWH for many, many years: Attend the local congregation of your choice faithfully and regularly, and be a good, moral, honest, and decent person in living your daily life. Because that was all I knew, that was what I accepted. However, YHWH began to teach me and show me the deeper things concerning my personal relationship with Him, and a spiritual understanding of the festivals was a big key to unlocking this mystery. If you are a Bible believer and you desire to understand YHWH in a greater way than you do today, the festivals will reveal to you the deeper things concerning your personal relationship with Him.

      Secondly, the festivals are YHWH's feasts and His appointed times that we are to observe (Leviticus [Vayikra] 23:1-2,4). YHWH gave the festivals to teach about the death, burial, and resurrection of the Messiah (Mashiach); the empowering of the believers by the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh); the resurrection of the dead; the coronation of the Messiah; the wedding of the Messiah; the tribulation (Chevlai shel Mashiach); the second coming of the Messiah; the millennium (the Messianic age or the Athid Lavo); and much, much more.

      The Bible provides several powerful reasons for studying and understanding the seven festivals of the Messiah:

  1. The feasts are in the Bible, and all the Bible is inspired by YHWH (2 Timothy 3:16-17).
  2. The feasts are a shadow of things to come that teach us about the Messiah (Colossians 2:16-17; Hebrews 10:1).
  3. The feasts are prophetic types and examples foreshadowing significant events in YHWH's plan of redemption (1 Corinthians 10:1-6,11).
  4. YHWH gave the feasts so we could learn and understand YHWH's plan of redemption for the world and our personal relationship to Him (Romans 15:4).
  5. The feasts, as part of the Torah (which means "instruction"), are as a schoolmaster or tutor that leads us to the Messiah (Galatians 3:24).
  6. The feasts will point to the Messiah and YHWH's plan for the world through the Messiah (Psalm [Tehillim] 40:6-8; Hebrews 10:7).
  7. Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA (Jesus) came to fulfill all that was written in the Old Testament (Tanach), which consists of three parts: the Torah, the prophets (Nevi'im), and the writings (Ketuvim - personified by the Psalms) concerning Him (Luke 24:26-27,44-45; John [Yochanan] 5:46-47).
  8. The feasts set forth the pattern of heavenly things on earth (Hebrews 8:1-2,5; 9:8-9,23; Exodus [Shemot] 25:8-9,40; 26:30; Numbers [Bamidbar] 8:4; Ezekiel [Yechezekel] 43:1-6,10-12).
  9. YHWH gives the natural to explain the spiritual (1 Corinthians 15:46-47).
  10. By studying the natural, we can understand the spiritual (1 Corinthians 2:9-13; 2 Corinthians 4:18).

WHAT IS THE MEANING OF THE WORD FEAST IN THE BIBLE?

      Two important Hebrew words appear in Leviticus (Vayikra) chapter 23, and each word is translated as feast in English. In verse 2, the word for feast is the Hebrew word mo'ed, as it is written, "Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, concerning the feasts [mo'ed] of YHWH...." The word mo'ed means "an appointment, a fixed time or season, a cycle or year, an assembly, an appointed time, a set time or exact time.≤   By understanding the Hebrew meaning of the English word feast, we can see that YHWH is telling us that He is ordaining a "set time or exact time or an appointed time" when He has an appointment with humanity to fulfill certain events in the redemption. In fact, Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA (Jesus) came to earth at the exact time ordained by YHWH (Galatians 4:2,4), and YHWH has an exact time or set appointment when, in the future, He will judge the world (Acts 17:31).

      In verse 6 is another Hebrew word translated as feast, as it is written, "And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast [chag] of unleavened bread...." The Hebrew word chag, which means a "festival,"≥  is derived from the Hebrew root word chagag, which means "to move in a circle, to march in a sacred procession, to celebrate, dance, to hold a solemn feast or holiday." By this we can see that YHWH gave the festivals as cycles to be observed yearly so that, by doing them, we can understand YHWH's redemptive plan for the world; the role that the Messiah (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA) would play in that redemption; and our personal relationship to YHWH concerning how we grow from a baby Bible believer to a mature Bible believer. Although YHWH gave us the festivals to observe, YHWH never gave the festivals so we would obtain salvation from Him by observing them because salvation only comes by faith (emunah); however, YHWH did give the festivals for the purpose of teaching and instructing His people concerning His plan of redemption and our personal relationship to Him.

THE APPOINTED PLACE

      The feasts are not only YHWH's appointed times, but also were to be observed at YHWH's appointed place. YHWH said that He would choose a place and that it would be a set place where His redemptive plan would be accomplished. Passover (Pesach), the Feast of Weeks or Pentecost (Shavuot), and the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot) were to be observed at an appointed place (Deuteronomy [Devarim] 16:2,6,9-11, 13-16). This place was Jerusalem (Yerushalayim) (2 Kings [Melachim] 21:4). From this we can see that Jerusalem (Yerushalayim) was appointed by YHWH to be the place where important events surrounding the redemptive plan of YHWH would be accomplished. Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA (Jesus) died, was buried, and resurrected in Jerusalem. The empowering of the believers by the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) took place in Jerusalem. Messiah (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA) will return and set His foot on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem (Zechariah 14:4) and Jerusalem will be the center of world attention and controversy before the coming of the Messiah (Zechariah 12:2-3; 14:2-4).

THREE TIMES A YEAR THEY WERE TO ASSEMBLE

      Although there are a total of seven feasts (the divine number for perfection or completeness in the Bible), YHWH divided the seven festivals into three major festival seasons. The feasts of Passover (Pesach), Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah), and First Fruits (Bikkurim) are in the Hebrew month of Nisan, which is the first month of YHWH's religious calendar in the spring of the year. (We'll examine this calendar a little later.) The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot), or Pentecost, is observed in the third month, which is the Hebrew month of Sivan. The Feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah), Atonement (Yom Kippur), and Tabernacles (Sukkot) are observed in the seventh month of Tishrei, which is in the fall of the year (Exodus [Shemot] 23:14-17; 34:22-23: Deuteronomy [Devarim] 16:16-17). Three is the number of complete and perfect testimony and witness (Deuteronomy [Devarim] 17:6; 19:15; Matthew [Mattityahu] 18:19-20; Luke 24:44-45; 2 Corinthians 13:1; 1 Timothy 5:19; 1 John [Yochanan] 5:8). So the feasts are a witness to YHWH's divine plan and the role of Messiah (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA) fulfilling that plan. This is the message being communicated to Bible believers concerning the three major festival periods in the year.

      Traditionally, non-Judaic Bible believers understand the festivals to be exclusively Judaic feasts. However, Leviticus (Vayikra) 23:1-2,4 tells us very clearly that these are festivals of YHWH . In reality, YHWH in His divine wisdom instructed us that these festivals are for both Jew and non-Jew, and are to be celebrated jointly with each other (Deuteronomy [Devarim] 16:10-11, 14-16). In Deuteronomy (Devarim) 16:11, 14, the word translated in English as stranger is the Hebrew word ger, which means the non-Jew (Bible-believing Gentile) who has joined himself to the Judaic people. Therefore, YHWH is the Host of the festivals and all Bible believers are His invited guests.

THE BIBLICAL CALENDAR

      In order to fully understand and appreciate the feasts being appointed times given by YHWH, it is important to understand the biblical calendar that YHWH gave us. There are two primary calendars in the Bible. The first is called the civil calendar and is used from Genesis (Bereishit) 1:1 to Exodus (Shemot) 12. The first month in the civil calendar is Tishrei. Rosh HaShanah (the Judaic New Year), the first day in the civil calendar, is the beginning of the new year. The second calendar in the Bible is the religious calendar. The religious calendar is used from Exodus (Shemot) 12 to Revelation 22. YHWH established the religious calendar in Exodus (Shemot) 12:2, as it is written, "This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you." The month that YHWH was referring to was the month of Aviv (Exodus 13:4), which is now called the month of Nisan. Prior to YHWH's establishing the month of Nisan as the first month in the religious calendar, it was the seventh month in the civil calendar. YHWH gave the religious calendar so we could understand that these feasts, which He gave and which are His appointed times and foreshadow important events in the redemption, would happen on the days He ordained on the religious calendar. These important days on the religious calendar are the same days that He gave as festivals in Leviticus (Vayikra) 23.

      Another understanding for YHWH giving a civil calendar and a religious calendar is that everyone who accepts the Messiah (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA) into his heart by faith (emunah) experiences two birthdays. Just like Tishrei 1 is the first day on the civil calendar and Nisan 1 is the first day on the religious calendar, everyone who accepts the Messiah (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA) into his life has a physical (civil) birthday when he was born into the world and a spiritual (religious) birthday the day he accepts the Messiah into his life. The following chart illustrates both types of calendars, showing the names of the months in the biblical calendar.

THE BIBLICAL CALENDAR

Civil Calendar

Religious Calendar

1. Tishrei  1. Nisan (Aviv)
2. Cheshvan 2. Iyar
3. Kislev 3. Sivan
4. Tevet 4. Tammuz
5. Shevat 5. Av
6. Adar 6. Elul
7. Nisan (Aviv) 7. Tishrei
8. Iyar 8. Cheshvan
9. Sivan 9. Kislev
10. Tammuz 10. Tevet
11. Av 11. Shevat
12. Elul 12. Adar

An Overview of the Festivals

UNDERSTANDING THE FEASTS

      As stated in Chapter 1, the festivals are blueprints through which YHWH revealed His overall plan of redemption for both man and the earth following the fall of man in the Garden of Eden (Gan Eden) as well as the role that the Messiah (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA) would play in that redemption. The festivals are divided into two major portions, depending upon whether they occur in the spring or the fall. The spring festivals teach about the first coming of the Messiah Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA (Jesus) and the fall festivals teach about the second coming of the Messiah Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA. In Hosea (Hoshea) 6:3 it is written, "...His going forth is prepared as the morning; and He shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth." The "latter and former rain" in this passage is commonly interpreted and understood to be the coming of the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh). This is indeed a valid interpretation and application; however, the former and latter rain also refers to the first and second coming of the Messiah (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA).

      YHWH set up the festivals in an agricultural context. YHWH gave the natural for us to understand the spiritual (1 Corinthians 15:46-47). During the course of the year, the rains come in Israel at two primary times--the spring and the fall. If we cross-reference Hosea (Hoshea) 6:3 with Joel (Yoel) 2:23, we see that the former rain is the Hebrew word moreh which means "teacher," and the word moderately in Joel 2:23, is the Hebrew word tzedakah, which means "righteousness." The teacher of righteousness was a term for the Messiah. Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA (Jesus) was the teacher of righteousness sent by YHWH as can be seen in John (Yochanan) 3:2. Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA was sent by YHWH to the earth to faithfully teach us righteousness, just as YHWH faithfully sends us the rain (Isaiah [Yeshayahu] 55:10-11). The harvest (believers in the Messiah) is the product that the rain (the Messiah) produces.

      In Leviticus 23:2 it is written, "......the feasts of YHWH, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations...." The Hebrew term translated as convocation in Leviticus (Vayikra) 23:2,4 is miqra, which means "a rehearsal." From this we can see that YHWH gave the festivals to be yearly "rehearsals" of the future events in the redemption. Because YHWH gave the "rehearsals" to teach us about the major events in the redemption, if we want to understand the major events in the redemption, then we need to understand what YHWH was teaching us by these rehearsals. The purpose of this book is to show how the "rehearsals" teach us about the real events in the redemption and the role of the Messiah (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA) in these events.

      In Deuteronomy (Devarim) 16:16, YHWH instructed the people to come to Jerusalem (Yerushalayim) three times a year to observe the feasts. As they came, they observed ceremonies given by YHWH that were performed in both the temple (Beit HaMikdash) and the home. These ceremonies were twofold in nature. They looked forward and they looked backward. Many of these ceremonies and the specific instructions concerning what was done during these feasts and how they were done can be found in the Mishnah, the oral teaching of Judaism, in the section called Mo'ed. The Mishnah is divided into six orders. Each order is divided into tractates, or different sections of each order. The order called Mo'ed speaks of the festivals. Mo'ed, which we saw earlier means "an appointed time," has two meanings. First, in Deuteronomy (Devarim) 16:16, the Judaic people have an appointment to be at a specific place (Jerusalem) at a specific time (the time of the three major pilgrimage festivals). Secondly, YHWH has an appointment to perform certain events in the redemption at this time. There are four important aspects to remember when dealing with each of the seven great festivals of YHWH:

  1. All of the festivals are, at the same time, both historical and prophetic.
  2. All of the festivals teach about the Messiah (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA), or Jesus.
  3. All of the festivals are agricultural in context.
  4. All of the festivals teach about your personal relationship with YHWH and how you are to walk (halacha) with Him as you grow in the knowledge of Him, from being a baby believer to a mature believer.

      It is important to remember that as an entire unit, the festivals teach and reveal the complete plan of YHWH; however, each festival centers on a particular theme in the plan of YHWH.

OVERVIEW OF THE SPRING FESTIVALS

      The four spring festivals are Passover (Pesach), Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah), First Fruits (Bikkurim), and the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot), or Pentecost.

  1. Passover (Pesach) occurs in the first month of the religious calendar (Aviv, also called Nisan), on the fourteenth day, Leviticus (Vayikra) 23:5.
  2. Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah) immediately follows the first day of Passover (Pesach). It is observed in the first month (Aviv/Nisan) from the fifteenth day to the twenty-first day (Leviticus [Vayikra] 23:6-8).
  3. The Feast of First Fruits of the barley harvest (Bikkurim) is observed during the week of Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah). It will always be the day following the weekly sabbath, the first day of the week (Yom Rishon), which we call Sunday (Leviticus [Vayikra] 23:9-11). Anciently, on this day, sheaves of barley were waved before YHWH in a prescribed ceremony. Today, this festival is not observed in traditional Judaism.
  4. The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot) is also known as Pentecost. Beginning on the Feast of First Fruits (Bikkurim), we begin to count 50 days. This is called the counting of the omer. On the fiftieth day following the Feast of First Fruits (Bikkurim) is the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot) or Pentecost (Leviticus [Vayikra] 23:15-21). (Note: Pentecost is a Greek word that literally means "fiftieth.")

      These four spring festivals are joined together as an interrelated unit. The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot) is considered the conclusion or atzeret to Passover. The season of Passover (Pesach) is not considered totally over until Shavuot (Pentecost) is completed.

The Exodus Story: From Pesach to Shavuot

      Pesach (Passover) begins in Egypt (Mitzrayim) (a type of the world), where the children of Israel had become slaves. When the children of Israel cried out to YHWH to remember the promises He made to Abraham (Avraham), Isaac (Yitzchak), and Jacob (Ya'akov), YHWH called forth a deliverer named Moses (Moshe). YHWH told Moses (Moshe) that He was going to bring the children of Israel out of Egypt (Mitzrayim) to the Promised Land (Exodus [Shemot] 3:8). When YHWH sent Moses (Moshe) to Pharaoh, YHWH did not tell Moses (Moshe) to ask Pharaoh to allow the children of Israel to leave Egypt and go to the Promised Land. Instead, YHWH only instructed Moses (Moshe) to ask Pharaoh to allow the children of Israel to take a three-day journey into the wilderness to make a sacrifice to YHWH (Exodus [Shemot] 3:18). Moses (Moshe) obeyed YHWH's instructions exactly as can be seen in Exodus (Shemot) 5:1-3. Pharaoh's first deviance of the Almighty One of Israel was his refusal to allow the people of YHWH to observe a feast and to sacrifice to Him!

      After a remarkable series of plagues inflicted on Egypt (Mitzrayim) because of Pharaoh's continued stubbornness, the children of Israel were finally released to leave Egypt laden with the spoils of the Egyptians. The children of Israel came to the banks of the Red Sea on the seventeenth day of Aviv/Nisan, which is three days after the day of Passover in the first month of the religious calendar. The Passover Lamb was slain on the fourteenth of Nisan and the people left Egypt (Mitzrayim) before midnight in the evening of the fifteenth after the death angel struck the firstborn of Egypt (Mitzrayim). When Pharaoh saw that the children of Israel were trapped against the sea, he foolishly decided to pusue them with his army (Exodus [Shemot] 14:1-9). The children of Israel became afraid, but Moses (Moshe) rose up and said, as it is written, "...Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation [Yeshooah in Hebrew], of YHWH..." (Exodus [Shemot] 14:13). Jesus (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA) in Hebrew means salvation or Savior (Matthew [Mattityahu] 1:21).

      At this point, the sea divided and the children of Israel crossed the floor of the Red Sea on dry ground while the Egyptian army, along with Pharaoh, pursued the Hebrews into the Red Sea and were drowned (Exodus [Shemot] 14:26-28; 15:4,19). The Bible says that YHWH's right hand destroyed the Egyptians (Exodus [Shemot] 15:6,12). The right hand is a term for the Messiah, Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA (Psalms [Tehillim] 44:3; 48:10; 63:8; 74:10-11; 89:13; 98:1; 110:1; 118:16; 138:7; Isaiah [Yeshayahu] 41:10; 53:1-5; 62:8; Acts 2:32-36; 5:31-32; Hebrews 1:3).

      It is important to note that Pharaoh, along with his army, drowned in the sea. In the days of Joseph (Yosef), there was a famine in Israel and the children of Israel went down to Egypt (Mitzrayim) and gave themselves to rulership under Pharaoh. Because of this, Pharaoh had legal ownership over the people. This ownership could be broken only by the death of Pharaoh, thus freeing the children of Israel to go to the Promised Land. Because of this fact, YHWH did not violate His word to Pharaoh through Moses (Moshe) when he asked Pharaoh to let the people go on a three-day journey into the wilderness, but later continued to go to the Promised Land. When Pharaoh died, his rulership over the children of Israel was legally broken and the people were free to go to the Promised Land. For this reason, the season of Passover (Pesach) is called "The Feast of Our Freedom".

      Spiritually speaking, Pharaoh is a type of satan (Ha satan). Until you accept the Messiah (Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA) into your life, Satan (Ha satan) has legal ownership over you. By the death of Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA (Jesus), the legal ownership that satan (Ha satan) has over our lives is broken and we are free to enter into the spiritual promised land of YHWH and receive all the promises that He has promised us.

Fifty Days From the Red Sea: Shavuot (Pentecost)

      From the crossing of the Red Sea (Nisan 17) to the day Moses (Moshe) met YHWH on Mount Sinai were 47 days. For 47 days the children of Israel traveled through the wildemess before they came to Mount Sinai on the third day of the third month (Sivan) (Exodus [Shemot] 19:1). YHWH instructed the people through Moses (Moshe) to sanctify themselves before He visited them three days later on Mount Sinai, which would be the sixth day of the third month of Sivan (Exodus [Shemot] 19:10-11). This day would be the fiftieth day following the crossing of the Red Sea; it came to be known as the revelation of YHWH at Mount Sinai. This day being the fiftieth day from the crossing of the Red Sea on Nisan 17 would be the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot), or Pentecost.

      Therefore, from the Exodus story, we can see that the Lamb was slain on the fourteenth of Nisan, the day of Passover (Pesach). On the fifteenth of Nisan, the day of Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah), the people left Egypt; on the seventeenth of Nisan the children of Israel crossed the Red Sea; and 50 days later on the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot), or Pentecost, YHWH gave the Torah (instruction) on Mount Sinai. In the following chapters, we will see how Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA (Jesus) died on Passover (Pesach) (Nisan 14), was in the sepulcher on the day of Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah) (Nisan 15), and was resurrected on the day of First Fruits (Bikkurim) (Nisan 17), and the Holy Spirit empowered the believers 50 days following Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA's (Jesus) resurrection on the day of Pentecost (Shavuot). We will also discover what these feasts mean to the individual believer and how they relate to our personal relationship with YHWH.

FALL FESTIVAL OVERVIEW

      The fall festival season begins with a 40-day period called, in Hebrew, Teshuvah, which means "to repent or return." This 40-day period begins in the sixth month of the religious calendar, the month of Elul, and concludes on the tenth day of the seventh month, which is Yom Kippur, the day of Atonement. Each morning in the synagogue following the morning prayers, a shofar is blown (except on sabbaths and the day preceding Rosh HaShanah, the Feast of Trumpets). Psalm (Tehillim) 27 is read every day. Rosh HaShanah is the thirtieth day into this 40-day period of Teshuvah or repentance. The biblical name for Rosh HaShanah is Yom Teruah, which means "the day of the awakening blast." Non-Jews call this the Feast of Trumpets. It is observed on the seventh month (Tishrei) and the first day of the month (Leviticus [Vayikra] 23:23-24). YHWH gave us this day to teach us about the resurrection of the dead, the coronation of the Messiah, the wedding of the Messiah, and much more. This day is both the Judaic New Year and the beginning of a period of soul-searching known as the High Holy Days, culminating on Yom Kippur. Therefore, the last 10 days of the 40-day period of Teshuvah, beginning on Elul 1, is also called the High Holy Days.

      The first and second days of the 10 High Holy Days (Tishrei 1-10) are collectively known as one day (Nehemiah 7:73; 8:1-2,13). The seven-day period from Tishrei 3 through Tishrei 9 is called the Days of Awe or the Awesome Days (Yamim Nora'im). YHWH gave these special days on His calendar to teach us about the future tribulation period on earth (Chevlai shel Mashiach). These seven days will correspond to the seven years of the tribulation known in Hebrew as the "birthpangs of the Messiah" (Chevlai shel Mashiach).

      Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement) is observed on the tenth day of the seventh month (Leviticus [Vayikra] 23:26-32). Since Rosh Hashanah teaches us about the resurrection of the dead, the coronation of the Messiah and the wedding of the Messiah, and the Days of Awe teach us about the tribulation (Chevlai shel Mashiach), Yom Kippur teaches us about the literal second coming of the Messiah Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA when He will set His foot down on the Mount of Olives (Zechariah 14:4).

      The Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot) is observed the fifteenth day of the seventh month of Tishrei to the twenty-first day. This festival teaches us the joy of the Messianic Kingdom, known in Hebrew as the Athid Lavo or to non-Jews as the Millennium. This can be found in Leviticus (Vayikra) 23:33-44. The day following the twenty-first day of Tishrei, the last day of Sukkot, is a special day called Shemini Atzeret. It is known as the eighth day (Leviticus [Vayikra] 23:36) and is the twenty-second day of Tishrei.

      Another festival called Simchat Torah is observed in conjunction with Shemini Atzeret. Simchat means "rejoicing" in Hebrew, so Simchat Torah means "rejoicing in the Torah." In ancient times, this festival was observed on the twenty-second of Tishrei, the same day as Shemini Atzeret. Today it is celebrated on the twenty-third of Tishrei. The celebration of Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah spans a 48-hour period, but it is referred to as "one long day." It is only one of two instances in the biblical year when there is a 48-hour period known as one long day. The other is Rosh HaShanah, which spans the first and second days of Tishrei. Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah were given by YHWH to teach us how things will be following the Messianic age or the Millennium when the world will enter into eternity.

FEASTS OF YHWH

Biblical/Hebrew Name English Name Time of Observance
1. Pesach Passover Nisan/Aviv 14
2. Hag HaMatzah Feast of Unleavened Bread Nisan/Aviv 15-21
3. Bikkurim First Fruits of Barley Harvest The morrow after the sabbath during Hag HaMatzah
4. Shavuot Feast of Weeks/Pentecost Fifty days from the Feast of First Fruits
5. Yom Teruah (Rosh HaShanah) Feast of Trumpets Tishrei 1
6. Yom Kippur Day of Atonement Tishrei 10
7. Sukkot Feast of Tabernacles/Booths Tishrei 15-21
  a. Shemini Atzeret The eighth assembly/conclusion Tishrei 22
  b. Simchat Torah Rejoicing in the Torah  Tishrei 23

HISTORICAL APPLICATION OF THE FEASTS

FEAST HISTORICAL ASPECT MESSIANIC FULFILLMENT SPIRITUAL APPLICATION (Halacha )
1. Passover (Pesach) Israel's deliverance out of Egyptian bondage Death of Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA on the tree Repent (Teshuvah) and trust by faith (Emunah) in the shed blood of Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA
2. Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah) The going out of Egypt The Burial of Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA Sanctification and separation from evil represented by water immersion (Mikvah)
3. First Fruits (Bikkurim) Crossing the Red Sea Resurrection of Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA Walking (Halacha) in newness of life
4. Pentecost (Shavuot) Giving the Torah at Mount Sinai Pouring out of the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) on Shavuot (Acts 2) Immersion in the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) and growing in faith (Emunah) in YHWH (making spiritual aliyah)
5. Rosh HaShanah (Yom Teruah) Blowing the Shofar/Judaic New Year The Resurrection of the Dead (natzal) Hear (Shema) the calling (Shofar) of for our lives
6. Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) Priest entered the Holy of Holies Cleansing of the people's sins The Day of Messiah's Second Coming (Zech 14:4) Yielding ourselves to YHWH so we may live (face to face) in His Presence
7. Tabernacles (Sukkot) Entering the Promised Land/Great Rejoicing The Messianic Era/Millennium (Athid Lavo) A daily rest (shabbat) in the Messiah and having the rest (menuchah) of His Kingdom in our hearts
                                                                  

Communication Commonalities - There are six days when you may work but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a Sabbath to YHWH." Leviticus 23:3

 

THE  DAY OF  יהוה REST - WHAT A WONDERFUL GIFT!

 

 SHILOH PEACE/Chapter 49:I0/II; gave us the Sabbath (Hebrew: Shabbat) as a day of rest and rejuvenation, a day to enjoy His creation and focus on Him. Shabbat means, "to rest". How many times in our busy lives we don't take time for needed rest! The pace of life today is much faster than it's ever been. Today's families seem to never have enough time to spend together. Celebrating the Sabbath provides time to unwind, be with family and refocus on YHWH - YAHUWAH. The Sabbath begins at sundown on Friday evening and lasts until sundown on Saturday evening. The Friday evening meal (Erev Shabbat or "Sabbath Eve") is very special and celebrates entering into Sabbath rest. Saturday evening, it is customary to celebrate the close of the Sabbath with the Havdalah service.

 Unfortunately, the celebration of the Sabbath is a tradition that has been lost to PROTESTANT CHRISTIANITY - Ephraim and Manasseh. The celebration is an excellent teaching tool about YHWH and His plans for humanity, and a wonderful "family time" as well. This will provide basic information to help you to celebrate the Sabbath.

 

 

HISTORY OF THE SABBATH

 

The Sabbath was the first festival to be outlined by YHWH to Moses in the book of Leviticus. It was the first festival observed by YHWH Himself in the book of Genesis, as well as being the first to be observed by man, even before the revelation at Jebal El Lwaz when the other festivals were commanded. The Sabbath is a time of rest and is a Picture of the Bride (YHWH's people) resting with the bridegroom, Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA. It is very symbolic of the ultimate fulfillment of the Sabbath -- the 1000-year rest (the Millennium).

 

 

SABBATH EVE CELEBRATION
(EREV SHABBAT)

The Sabbath begins at sundown on Friday evening (Erev Shabbat or "Sabbath Eve"). The Friday evening meal is very special and celebrates entering into Sabbath rest. At this time, the focus should turn from the activities of the week and should center on YHWH, our family, rest and rejuvenation.

 

 

WHAT YOU WILL NEED TO CELEBRATE!

 

  1. A pair of candle holders with two white candles and matches

  2. Wine or grape juice with glasses

  3. A pitcher of water, a bowl and a towel

  4. Two loaves of bread (challah is traditional)

  5. A salt shaker

  6. A nice napkin to cover the bread

  7. A special dinner

 

HOW TO CELEBRATE

 

Traditionally, the man and woman lead their family in celebration of the Sabbath, however anyone can perform the service. The steps are numbered in the order that they should be performed. Explanations for each step are included in parenthesis. For people not familiar with celebrating the Sabbath, it is useful and edifying to read the explanations aloud as the celebration is being performed.

       WOMAN

  1. Preparation Prayer
    (The preparation prayer is spoken by the woman before lighting the Sabbath candles. Traditionally, the woman covers her head with a scarf while lighting the candles. A small pair of candles may also be lit by a daughter, as she learns from her mother.)

    ABBA Father, we thank You for the blessings of Your rest and peace this evening. Holy Spirit, be with us as we partake of this Sabbath. Fill our hearts and minds with Your Shiloh, your shalom, Your peace that surpasses all understanding. Guide each of us that we may bless one another with our words and actions. We ask Your blessing over our home and family. Pour out Your Spirit upon us as we partake of Your Sabbath, Your rest. May our home, our hearts and our minds be used by You to bring the news that Your Messiah has come, has risen and has come again! In the name of Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA Ha Mashiach, the Messiah, we pray. Amen.

     

  2. Lighting the Candles
    (As the woman lights the candles remember that YHWH chose another woman, Mary, to bring forth "The Light of the World" (John 8:12).)

    Baruch atah EL-Elohe-Israel melech ha-olam, asher kid-shanu bímitzvotav, vítzinvanu 1'hadlik neyr shel Shabbat

    Blessed art Thou ELOHIM/YAHUWAH, the ELOHIM's/YAHUWAH's of Israel, King of the universe who has set us apart by Your commandments and has enjoined upon us the kindling of the Sabbath light.

    Creation (lighting the first candle) This candle represents creation. "In the beginning ELOHIM YAHUWAH created the heavens and the earth ... And ELOHIM YAHUWAH said, 'Let there be light' and there was light." -- Genesis 1:1,3.

    Redemption (lighting the second candle) This candle represents redemption. Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA said, "I am the Light of the World. Whoever follows Me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life." -- John 8:12.

    (The woman may now pray silently for her children.)

       MAN

  1. Blessings
    (The man lays his hands upon his wife and each child as he asks ABBA -  ELOHIM YAHUWAH's blessing upon them. "My you be like Ephraim and Manasseh." To the wife, he may read Proverbs 31 "A wife of noble character... He continues with an appropriate blessing, such as:)

    ABBA FATHER/ELOHIM YAHUWAH, in the name of MALKI TZEDIK YEHOWSHUA Ha Moshiach I thank You for Your blessing of this woman to me. I ask that You bless her. Remove all fear and doubt from her heart and mind. Grant her Your shalom, Your peace that surpasses all understanding. I ask that You guide her steps and guard her path from Satan. Let her know that I am committed to You, and I am committed to her. In the name of Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA Ha Mashiach, I thank you Ruach HaKodesh for hearnig me, always. 

    (To the children he may read Psalm 127:3 "...children are a reward from Him." He continues with an appropriate blessing such as:)

    Abba Father, I thank You for the blessing of this child. I ask that You fill him/her with Your Holy Spirit and guard his/her footsteps. I ask that You guard his/her path from Santa/Satan. I ask that You build his/her character in Your likeness, in truth, honor and light. I ask that You remove fear from this child and fill him/her with Your Holy Spirit. In the name of Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA Ha Mashiach, I thank you Ruach HaKodesh for hearing me, always.

     

  2. Wine/Juice
    (The cup is held at the base by the fingers, causing them to point upward. They represent the children of YAHUWAH, reaching up and longing for Him. It is interesting to note that when Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA "gave thanks" as in Matthew 26:27, he most likely said the same ancient blessing used here.)

    The wine symbolizes Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA's shed blood. In Matthew 26:27, Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA "took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them saying, 'Drink from it, all of you. This is my blood of the covenant which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins"'

    Baruch atah El-Elohe-Israel melech ha-olam, boaray peree ha-gofen Blessed art Thou, ELOHIM YAHUWAH, the ELOHIM's/YAHUWAH's of Israel, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the vine.

    (Everyone drinks of the wine/Juice.)

     

  3. Washing
    Water is used figuratively throughout Scripture to represent the Holy Spirit. Isaiah 44:3: For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour out my Spirit on your offspring, and my blessing on your descendants. Isaiah 12:3: With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation. (salvation in Hebrew is "Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA"). John 7:37: on the last and greatest day of the Feast, Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA stood and said in a loud voice, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said,
    streams of living water will flow from within him." By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Always, always remember, that THIS about cleaning the INSIDE of YOUR CUP/YOU ..... that matters the most.

    Blessed art Thou, El-Elohe-Israel, King of the universe, who has sanctified us through Your commandments and instructed us concerning the washing of hands and the cleaning of the inside of our cup. We dedicate our hands and our BODIES/selves to You.

    (The man pours water from the pitcher for everyone to wash their hands.)

     

  4. Bread
    (In Leviticus 24:5-9, bread was to be set on the altar each Sabbath as a lasting covenant. The two loaves on the table are symbolic of the double portion of manna which ELOHIM YAHUWAH provided on Fridays for the children of Israel when they wandered in the wilderness. The bread is covered with a cloth, which symbolizes the dew that was around the camp when the Israelites woke up in the desert. When the dew evaporated, the manna, YAHUWAH's provision of bread was on the ground.

    Traditionally, Challah (pronounced "Halla") is used as the bread (see related recipe). Challah is a braided bread formed by braiding strips of dough. This braid is said to represent folded arms, as in rest.)

    The bread represents Jesus/Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA, the Bread of Life. Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA said "I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world." -- John 6:51.

    Baruch atah El-Elohe-Israel melech ha-olam, ha-motzee lechem min haaretz

    Blessed art Thou ELOHIM YAHUWAH, the ELOHIM's/YAHUWAH's of Israel, King of the universe, who brings forth bread from the earth.

    (Starting with the man, everyone breaks off a piece of bread to eat. A tradition is to sprinkle a little salt on the second bite, recalling Genesis 3:19: "By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food.")

     

  5. The Dinner is served
    (A special dinner should be served.)

     

  6. Grace after the meal
    (Deuteronomy 8:10 says, "When you have eaten and are satisfied, praise ELOHIM your YAHUWAH for the good land He has given you".)

    ABBA Father, I thank You for the blessings You have given us. I thank You for the blessing of this family to me. I ask that You strengthen our love for each other and that You fill us with Your Holy Spirit as we continue to enjoy Your Sabbath, Your rest. I thank You in the name of ELOHIM YAHUWAH Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA, Ha Mashiach, who came, died for our salvation, was raised from the dead and will return to receive all who call upon His Name. Amen.

     

  7. Rest!
    (The remainder of the evening and the next day, until sundown are for rest and enjoying YHWH's world!)

    RECIPE FOR CHALLAH  
    (Dough can also be made in a bread baking machine)
    1/2 c. lukewarm water
    1/2 c. milk
    1/4 c. butter or margarine (melted)
    I Tbsp. sugar
    1 pkg dry yeast
    2 eggs, beaten
    1 tsp. salt
    3 to 3 1/2 c. white flour
    2 Tbsp gluten flour
     

Dissolve yeast in lukewarm water. Add milk, melted margarine, sugar and beaten eggs. Add flour and salt. Mix well, then knead in bowl until smooth. Put dough on floured board and knead until firm, smooth and not sticky. Add more flour if needed. Shape into ball. Place in greased bowl. Brush with oil, cover with towel and let rise about 2 hours until double in bulk. Punch down dough and knead briefly. Let rest 10 minutes. Divide dough in half. Divide each half into three equal pieces. Roll each piece into a strip about 12" long. For each loaf, braid three pieces. Put on a cookie sheet. Brush with beaten egg yolk, sprinkle with poppy or sesame seeds. Cover with towel and let rise 1 hour. Bake at 375 degrees for 30-35 minutes. Makes two small loaves.

                                         HAVDALAH, THE CLOSE OF THE SABBATH


At sundown on Saturday evening as the Sabbath draws to a close, it is customary to celebrate the Havdalah service. Havdalah means separation, a time to separate the holy from the mundane.

                                             WHAT YOU WILL NEED TO CELEBRATE!

  1. A pair of long thin white candles twisted together and matches. You can make these by taking two long, thin tapered candles, holding them together over the spout of a boiling tea kettle and gradually twisting or wrapping them around each other, starting at the base. Be careful not to burn yourself!

  2. Small jar or box containing a fragrant spice. The fragrant spice can contain cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, ginger, dried grated orange peel, or whatever you enjoy.

  3. Small wine glass placed on a plate or bowl.

  4. Wine/Juice.

  5. Bible/Concordance

                                                  HOW TO CELEBRATE


 Late Saturday afternoon, the family should gather for a meal that can be easily prepared, in keeping with the Sabbath rest. Traditionally, the Sabbath is said to end when the first three stars are visible. Following the meal, if it is a clear day, the family can gather outside to try to spot the first three stars. After the stars have been spotted, the woman says a prayer that is a farewell to the day, and begins the Havdalah celebration.

 Traditionally, the man and woman lead their family in the Havdalah celebration, however anyone can perform the service. The man's part and woman's part have been described separately for easy reference. Explanations for each step are given in parenthesis For people not familiar with celebrating Havdalah, it is useful and edifying to read the explanations aloud as the celebration is being performed.

       WOMAN

  1. Farewell Prayer
    (The woman says a prayer that is a farewell to the day, and begins the Havdalah celebration.)

    ABBA Father, we thank You for Your rest. We thank You for Your Blessed Messiah ELOHIM YAHUWAH Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA,, Who is the Light of the World and Who came into the darkness of the world to redeem it into the light. May Your love fill us this night and may we bring Your light to the world. Amen.

     

  2. Lighting the Candles
    (As the woman lights the candles remember that YHWH chose another woman, Mary, to bring forth "The Light of the World" (John 8:12).)

    The two candles represent Creation/Redemption and the two Houses of Israel. They have been twisted together symbolically linking our Creation and Redemption as one nation through Jesus.

    Baruch atah El-Elohe-Israel melech ha-olam, boaray mloray haaysh.

    Blessed art Thou ELOHIM YAHUWAH, the ELOHIM's/YAHUWAH's of Israel, King of the universe, who creates the light of the fire. YAHUWAH brings light to darkness and into our lives.

    (Present the light to everyone to feel the warmth and see the brightness.)

       MAN

  1. Scripture
    (The man reads appropriate Scripture. A suggested reading is John 1:1-14.)

    John 1:1-14: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with YAHUWAH, and the Word was YAHUWAH. He was with YAHUWAH in the beginning. Through Him all things were made; without Him nothing was made that has been made. In Him was life, and that life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it. There came a man who was sent from YAHUWAH; his name was John. He came as a witness to testify concerning that light, so that through him all men might believe. He himself was not the light; he came only as a witness to the light. The true light that gives light to every man was coming into the world. He was in the world, and though the world was made through Him, the world did not recognize Him. He came to that which was His own, but His own did not receive Him. Yet to all who received Him, to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of YAHUWAH - children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband's will, but born of YAHUWAH. The Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us. We have seen His glory, the glory of the one and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth."

     

  2. Wine/Juice
    (The man says the blessing for the wine before pouring it. It will be poured until it overflows to show the fullness and completion of the week and the fullness and completion of Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA's work. It also indicates the abundance of blessings we have through Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA "'Test me in this,' says YAHUWAH ELOHIM Almighty, and see if I will not throw open the floodgates of heaven and pour out so much blessing that you will not have room enough for it."' -- Mal 3:10.)

    The wine symbolizes Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA's shed blood. In Matthew 26:27, Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA "took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them saying, 'Drink from it, all of you. This is my blood of the covenant which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins"'

    Baruch atah El- Elohe-Israel melech ha-olam, boaray peree ha-gofen.

    Blessed are You, ELOHIM YAHUWAH, the ELOHIM's/YAHUWAH's of Israel, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the vine.

    (Fill the wine glass until it overflows onto a plate. When Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA was on the cross, "...one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water". -- John 19:34.)

     

  3. Extinguish the Candles
    (The candle will be extinguished in the spilled wine. This is symbolic of the darkness that came over the world when Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA died on the cross.)

    Luke 23:44-46 - "It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land... for the sun stopped shining... ELOHIM YAHUWAH Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA called out with a loud voice, 'Father, into Thy hands I commit My spirit"

    (Put out the flame in the spilled wine.)

     

  4. Spices
    (As the spice box is passed, each one should take a deep breath and try to remember the fragrance.)

    In John 19:40 - "Taking Jesus'/ YEHOWSHUA's body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Judaic burial customs." The spices signify the sweetness of life experienced in ELOHIM YAHUWAH Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA. He said "I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full" (,John 10:10).

    (Pass the spice box.)

     

  5. The 23rd Psalm
    (The man leads his family in saying the 23rd Psalm.)

    YHWH ELOHIM Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA is my Shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures; He leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth my soul; He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for His name's sake. Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for Thou art with me; Thy rod and Thy staff they comfort me. Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies; Thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over. Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life; and I will dwell in the house of YHWH ELOHIM Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA forever.

     

  6. Conclusion of Havdalah


    ABBA Father, thank You for the blessings given to us. Thank You for sending Your Son, SHILOH
    MALKI TZEDIK YEHOWSHUA,   YAHUWAH ELOHIM Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA.  Watch over my family as they go about this week. Place a guard on each of them against Santa/Satan and His followers. Bless us as we follow Your commandments and go into the world to share the Good News of our Messiah. In ELOHIM YAHUWAH Malki Tzedik YEHOWSHUA's  Name we pray, thank you RUACH haKODESH for hearing me, always. RIGHT ON.

    It is TODAY that WE end with Isaiah 52:7: "How beautiful on the mountains are the feet of those that bring good news, who proclaim peace, who bring good tidings, who proclaim salvation (Hebrew for YEHOWSHUA), who say to Tziyon/Zion OUR ELOHIM YAHUWAH REIGNS..... FROM THE WOOD/TREE."

                                                       

                                                            Chapter 2  


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